Introduction

 

Civil Society in Puntland and across Somalia welcomes increased international engagement on Somalia, which is an opportunity to constitute Positively to the ongoing developments. The Civil Society acknowledges the achievements of Somali Federal Government and member States have made to provide a foundation for progress since the end of the transition in 2012. Federal government and Member states should sustain the developments, take ownership of and be accountable for continuously making sure the security, justice and transparency. There has been little progress in meeting the commitments made on Somalia at the previous international Conferences. This could be attributed as result of less commitment from the Somali side and also conflicting interests of the donors.

Civil Society of Puntland is concerned the following issues.

  1. Participation of Somali civil society in evolving process on peace-state-building, economic and security reforms for the inclusion of local voices and more importantly to holding local government(s) accountable to their citizens.
  2. Strengthening federal and state level government institutions to effectively provide basic services such as education, health, water, and electricity.
  3. Establishment of key independent institutions that could guarantee transparent and accountability, namely Anti-Corruption Commission, Judicial Service Commission and Human Rights Commissions. These commissions are prerequisite for combatting corruption and protection of human rights and their absence is indication of poor government commitment in these fields.
  4. All stakeholders should joint hands and direct collective attentions at SFG and the FMSs’ inter/intra cooperative relationships, and to encourage top-down power devolution and State-level democratization processes, as a precursor and critical gateways towards a nationwide election by the 2020.
  5. Ceasing the Sool conflict through peace means brokered by UN, EU, AU and IGAD countries, and consideration of special aid arrangements for the long-disputed regions of Sool and Sanaag with an immediate focus to 12,000 victims displaced by recent clashes and that of the protracted droughts current at IDPs and desperately in need of humanitarian assistance for living and subsequently restocking them with possible amount of animal herds for sustainable reintegration back in to pastoralism.
  6. Terrorist groups often leverage on persisting communal conflicts, discontented clans and periphery communities as a result of political and economic exclusions as well as traditional social marginalization of the minorities, thus, much efforts should be done in addressing to multifaceted political and social discontent of the above groups through targeted political inclusions, social/communal reconciliations, creation of opportunities for jobs and provision of quality services primarily education and healthy and infrastructure development.
  7. Remembered with living legacy of the civil war, and nearly a three-decade long of chronic social and political divide, Galkayo, the regional capital of Mudug is for the first embracing a relative state of calmness resultant to coercive efforts exerted by national and international stakeholders following the renewed deadly conflicts in the December of 2015 and 2016. With said stakeholders placing their efforts at social, security and diplomatic fronts, the city has progressively witnessed a tremendous change and milestones which counted on initial ceasefire and subsequently a political deal signed by the two-State presidents – Galmudug and Puntland, the establishment of joint Peace committee getting support from International and local partners, enlistment of joint police patrol unit through UNDP/UNSOM support and the deployment of Somali National Army (SNA) and the successful removal of blockades, road blocks and the imaginary green lines. While all the said efforts gradually yielded significant peace progress with time free access opportunity for cross-communal movements, the peace in Galkayo is still delicate and extremely susceptible for breakup due to extreme security vulnerability of Galkayo and Mudug in general. To this end, PUNSAA is urges all sides to accelerate and continue supporting on-going multilevel initiatives to capitalize and build on peace gains and in avoidance of any security relapse leading to misfortune renewal of social and political conflicts. supports to joint police and SNA units should be further reviewed, consolidated and unwavering sustained since many locals in Galkayo viewed them of being indefensible for the improved peace in Galkayo, though still facing harsh living and working conditions, besides some financial, moral and material supports they receive from business communities in both sides of the town, Galkayo.
  8. The increasingly stagnancy security and political landscape in Somalia, evidences anything, but the effects of proxy wars from both traditional and untraditional players. The crippling afflictions of relations between SFG and FMSs had surfaced after the Golf crises, and exacerbated even further, after the SFG unilaterally took a non-alignment policy, of which many viewed too risky to aid dependent Somalia. Civil Society urges all International Partners ease the pressure and Continue the support to Somalia to recover prolonged political unrest and instability.
  9. The State of Puntland is currently at a critical crossroads with visibly enough encounters already on its soul including droughts, communal-and-border conflicts and the presence of two terrorist groups within its territories Aversion of potential constitutional crises in Puntland, following overwhelming allegations against current government’s intention to use tukaraq conflict as a noble excuse to extending its term in office for at least two-more years.

PUNSAA Brussels Position Paper