Election Situation Room


Conflict Assessment Teams

Terms of Reference (TORs)

(Five positions three in Garowe and the two in Bosaso)





  1. Introduction

The Somalia Civil Society Election Situation Room (ESR) is a platform for coordination and information gathering where election conflict-related information is gathered, analysed and disseminated to enhance collaboration, proactive advocacy and rapid response to conflict and dispute associated with Somalia electoral process. The ESR platform will also facilitate election conflict resolution support efforts to reduce electoral conflicts and prepare working environment between the National Indirect Election Dispute Resolution Teams and the disputed parties. This platform was also intended to work for ensuring women quota in the current process and their active involvement in Somali’s political and electoral process. The ESR was established on 30th January 2021 by   SONSA and PUNSAA, with the support of EISA, which will be operational during the parliamentary and presidential elections in Somalia. EISA will be the host organization driving the process and providing technical expertise based on its experience from the region and existing working relationship with these two platforms. PUNSA and SONSA CSOs network groups have capacity and credibility to coordinate the ESR a process. Beneficiaries will be the 17 members of the CSO coalition which includes women leaders from Banadir and all the Federal Member States (FMSs). Executive Steering Committee comprising 7 members of the civil society coalition was   selected to lead ESR interventions during the 2020/21 electoral cycle, while the other members will be the taskforce or  of the ESR in Banadir and the FMS. Duties and the responsibilities of the platform were   developed, as well as its structure agreed on during the planning meeting. The mandate of the ESR is to do conflict prevention and dispute resolution support interventions, as well to promote the participation of women in the election process..

The objectives of the Somalia CSOs Election Situation Room are to:

  1. Promote collaboration and consensus amongst civil society groups: Given the enormous challenges that elections pose, civil society coalition groups and their members must work together. The ESR, therefore, aims to provide a collaborative platform that allows for CSOs members to come together during the election period and offer strategic recommendations for conflict management, prevention as well as promoting participation The ESR will also collaborate with such platforms as the Women Situation Room.
  2. Contribute to the creation of a conducive environment for the upcoming elections: Somali’s current electoral process is in limbo due to lack of political will and acceptance among the political leaders, these political tensions create fear and uncertainty in the heart of the public and also limits the smooth-running of the process. In response to this prevailing context, the ESR will be a platform which contributes to the prevention of conflict and supporting resolution of disputes on elections.
  3. Addressing the challenges faced by Somali women in terms of their participation in the current electoral process and Somali’s political process in future: The 30% women quota provision is a challenging issue And If this is not addressed, women may be  excluded in the elections and denied their rights to participate in the political process. In this regard, the ESR will be a platform to advocate for the empowerment of women through promoting women involvement in the 2020/21 elections and the political process.   
  4. Advance planning: The ESR will be a platform for planning and scenario building especially for a conflict-prone context as Somalia. It aims to provide a platform for civil society groups to strategise and plan on election conflict management and dialogue. Through its diverse membership, the ESR will provide early warning of potential problems, thereby giving other civil society organisation, government and international organisations an opportunity and background information to prepare for eventualities and strategise efforts towards conflict mitigation.
  5. Evidence-based analysis: The ESR will be a platform for evidence-based analysis through its conflict assessors and conflict prevention and dispute resolution support teams in Banadir and all the FMs. The ESR will provide recommendations, options and analysis based on the  gathered information from its deployed teams, and mobilise its  members  and other key stakeholders to ensure effective operational response
  6. Rapid response: The greatest attribute of the ESR will be its capacity to gather and provide data in real-time leading to rapid response to conflict or dispute that may affect the election process.
  7. A platform for constructively engaging with official structures.

It is against this background that SONSA and PUNSAA under ESR mandate with the support of EISA will recruit Coordinators/conflict assessors. The coordinators will be trained in Mogadishu as ToTs and deployed to their assigned areas to train the conflict assessors to support the work of the ESR platform. Conflict assessment teams will work closely with coordinators in terms of monitoring, assessing and reporting election-related conflict and dispute. These TORs are therefore in fulfillment of these roles and responsibilities.

  1. Purpose of the Conflict assessors and coordinators

The purpose of the conflict assessors and coordinators is to identify, track, assess, and report election-related conflict during the pre-election, election and post-election periods in various areas of coverage.  The assessors will use a paper checklist and share their reports with their respective coordinators for consolidation and collation. The coordinators will use the real-time data collection and transmission system supported by EISA to send the information to designated data captures at the  ESR in Mogadishu. The assessment of conflict is intended to be proactive and should capture relevant and verifiable data and provide information on nature, extent and where possible, the effect of identified conflict/ dispute or violence. The collection of data and reporting should seek to encourage collaboration, early warning response and information sharing among CSOs and key stakeholders.

Specific roles of the conflict assessors and coordinators are as follows:

  1. To establish professional relations with the Election Implementation teams at state and federal level and with elders, candidates and electoral delegates to be able to access election information.
  2. To observe, assess, and report on the pre-election political environment and all aspects of the election campaign, including respect for civil and political rights and the extent to which the election process is free from intimidation.
  3. To assess, track and report election-related conflict in areas of deployment before, during and post elections.
  4. To Observe and report on the handling of election complaints and appeals;
  5. Observe, assess, and report on other election-related issues, such as the participation of women, and the inclusion of national minorities.
  6. Observe any restrictions placed on the right to freedom of opinion and expression for both the media and voters during the electoral process and the degree to which any restrictions violate Somalia’s domestic obligations. Identify and evaluate any media for being shut down or suffering overt censorship.
  7. Observe tensions, flashpoints, armed conflict, and other factors impacting insecurity
  8. Identify and gather information on conflict incidents and share with the ESR Data Captures for inclusion into database.
  9. To identify ad report conflict triggers in areas of deployment before, during and post elections.
  10. To provide real-time data aimed at decrease/manage the potential for conflict before, during and post-elections.
  11. To assess and document the 2020/2021   general election processes  .
  12. Assess the potential for electoral violence on election day.
  13. To work in collaboration with Taskforce/ teams from the ESR .
  14. To work in close collaboration with ESR data captures for data verification
  15. Contribute to the preparation of ESR interim reports, statements and the final report.
  16. Maintain close relations with domestic observer groups and civil society organizations involved in the electoral process at both the local and regional levels.
  17. The coordinators will be assigned to collect data from the assessors, review and sent to the database in the ESR office
  18. Sign and abide by the Code of Conduct for Domestic Election Observers and by the instructions of the technical team and platform Project Coordinators. Failure to follow the code of conduct and instructions may result in an anticipated termination of the observer’s assignment.
  19. Carry accreditation document at all times;
  20. Perform any additional duties and comply with any additional requests from the ESR deemed necessary
  1. Scope and Focus of Conflict assessment

The assessment and reporting of conflict will look at the following areas:

  • Cases of conflict/dispute, intimidation and violence during political negotiations, elector registration, candidate election, campaigning, voter education and voting for potential near real-time redress.
  • Assist in coordinating and amplifying advocacy messaging and campaigning to ensure regional and national awareness against election conflict/violence.
  • Monitor and report the implementation of 30% women quota  and other efforts to ensure women political participation throughout the electoral process
  • Observe the voting day procedures
  1. Methodology for Assessing

The assessors will provide qualitative and quantitative data through:

  • Observation in areas of deployment and consultation with key stakeholders.
  • Vising the election venues and gathering required information on election conflicts and the electoral process.
  1. Duration of the assignment

The engagement of assessors and coordinators will be for 5 months and is expected to start soon as possible.

  1. Required Expertise and Qualification
  • University degree in Political Science, Public Administration, Development studies, Law, or any other discipline relevant to the assignment.
  • Familiar with the context of Somali’s Political and Election Process
  • At least 2 years work experience in the field of electoral assistance and electoral observation and analysis.
  • Familiarity with the legal and regulatory framework for the elections as well as International and regional standards for elections.
  • Good understanding of election dispute resolution systems.
  • Written and spoken Language proficiency: Somali (excellent), English (Good), Arabic will be an advantage.

How to Apply

Please send your applications together with your updated CVs to not later than 03 April -2021, at 5pm 

to download as a pdf click this link ESR Conflict Assessors ToR- PUNSAA







Job Description

Name of the Project Participatory Governance and Peacebuilding Programme
Title of the assignment Legal expert
Contract type Service Contract – full time
Duty station Garowe with travel to other regions in Puntland
Duration 3 months ( March – May , 2018)
Description of PUNSAA

The Puntland Non-State Actors Association (PUNSAA) is a non-governmental, non-political and non-profit that assembles non-state actors (NSAs) in Puntland into one platform. It was established on 14 May 2008 and registered as local association with Puntland Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. PUNSAA brings together a wide range of NSAs from across Puntland, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs), Women, Youth Associations, business associations, elders and different categories of professionals, such as teachers, Media, lawyers and doctors. PUNSAA provides a forum through which local NSAs could participate in and influence policy and decision-making processes at local, State, National and International levels

Job purpose:

PUNSAA seeks to recruit a legal expert for making desk review on the contentious issue in the Provisional Constitution of Federal Republic of Somalia.

National legal expert will be engaged to:

·         Draft briefing papers on the constitutional contentious issues and develop position papers concerning civil society’s stands and positions in the constitutional review process.

·         Promoting public awareness and understanding for the constitutional review process and engaging wider communities and stakeholders to understand constitutional review process levels

·         Work effectively in PUNSAA specifically with the PGP project coordinator with guidance of Executive Director to design the concept, indicators and methodology to gauge people’s understanding on the constitution;

·         Conduct desk review on the constitution and to make analytical comparison among Somali constitution and other federal Countries,

·         Produce Desk-based Review report on constitution with more emphasizes on the  contentious issues

·         Provide technical advice to CSCRTF and the platform on the CRP

·         Regular input into the conceptualization and planning of Consultation meetings on constitutional review process;

·         Provides advice on best practices and current trends in the constitution review process

·         Participates and facilitate Consultation meetings on constitution review Process


Person Specification

Essential requirements

·         Master degree in Law with with a minimum of 3 years’ experience in legal drafting field

·         Experience in constitutional review process

• Bachelor degree in law with a five years’ experience in constitutional review and legal drafting.

• Excellent skills of operating communication technical facilities

• Fluency in English (written and spoken)

• A positive problem-solving approach

• Good interpersonal and team-working skills

• A willingness to promote the work of PUNSAA on issues relating with the constitutional review process and develop collaborative work with others.

Personal Experience:

·        Experience of working in an environment that has required the use of press and / or public affairs skills in order to achieve objectives and inform external stakeholders of PUNSAA Achievements.

·        Experience of building effective relationships with stakeholders of constitutional review process.

·        Experience of briefing constitutional stakeholders of emerging issues that could impact upon constitutional review process.

·        Experience of facilitating group discussions and debates.

·        Experience of using social media analytical tools in order to evaluate the impact of review process and to identify insights and trends.

Documents Required:

1- Application letter

2- Up to date CV

3- Copies of certificates and other supporting documents.

How to Apply

Please send all the above documents to

Application Deadline:  25 February, 2018